Stalin and the Soviet Science Wars

Stalin and the Soviet Science Wars

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Focusing on six major postwar debates in the Soviet scientific community, this book shows that Stalin's forays into scholarship can be understood only within the context of international tensions, institutional conflicts, and the growing uncertainty about the proper relationship between scientific knowledge and Party-dictated truths.. - Between 1945 and 1953, while the Soviet Union confronted postwar reconstruction and Cold War crises, its unchallenged leader Joseph Stalin carved out time to study scientific disputes and dictate academic solutions. He spearheaded a discussion of qscientificq Marxist-Leninist philosophy, edited reports on genetics and physiology, adjudicated controversies about modern physics, and wrote essays on linguistics and political economy. Historians have been tempted to dismiss all this as the megalomaniacal ravings of a dying dictator. But in qStalin and the Soviet Science Warsq, Ethan Pollock draws on thousands of previously unexplored archival documents to demonstrate that Stalin was in fact determined to show how scientific truth and Party doctrine reinforced one another. Socialism was supposed to be scientific, and science ideologically correct, and Stalin ostensibly embodied the perfect symbiosis between power and knowledgeministry was officially called), the minister of culture, the president of the Academy of Sciences, and the academic secretary of ... 75 The letter recommended, among other things, replacing the leadership of the Physics College with academyanbsp;...

Title:Stalin and the Soviet Science Wars
Author: Ethan Pollock
Publisher:Princeton University Press - 2006

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